Art & Art History

Felicia Marlene Else


Art and Art History



Campus Box 2452


Schmucker Hall
Room 112
300 North Washington St.
Gettysburg, PA 17325-1400


PhD Washington University in St. Louis, 2003

Academic Focus

Italian Renaissance Art

Felicia Else has been pursuing research on water, art, cartography, natural history and festivals in 16th-century Florence, including the well-known Neptune Fountain in the Piazza della Signoria in Florence by Bartolomeo Ammannati. She is the author of The Politics of Water in the Art and Festival of Medici Florence: from Neptune Fountain to Naumachia (Routledge, 2019) and has published articles in Burlington Magazine, Sixteenth Century Journal, Imago Mundi and Sculpture Journal. She has contributed various scholarly studies to academic publications on water and wine fountains, pufferfish in the Renaissance and artistic representations of naval battles and water management. She is a co-editor and contributor to a forthcoming book, Giants and Dwarfs in European Art & Culture, c. 1350-1700: Real, Imagined, Metaphorical for Monsters and Marvels. Alterity in the Medieval and Early Modern Worlds (Amsterdam University Press).

Her teaching draws on her passion for art, history and study abroad. She recently served as the Resident Director for the Gettysburg College Interdisciplinary Study Abroad Program in England, leading an onsite course in London on Museums, Repatriation and Decolonization. Her courses cover art from Antiquity to the Baroque as well as a First-year Seminar on Art, Money and Power in Renaissance Florence. Working with Kay Etheridge in Biology, she helped students curate exhibitions that combined art and science in Schmucker Art Gallery, “The Gettysburg Cabinet” (2012), “Wonders of Nature and Artifice” (2017) and "Artful Nature and the Legacy of Maria Sibylla Merian" (2019). For images, videos and student research from these remarkable exhibitions, please visit: ,, and She has also promoted the use digital technology in art history, directing student research in the development of dynamic interactive websites on Renaissance works in Gettysburg College's Special Collections. These include sites by Daniella Snyder '18 on a 17th century Dutch World Map at and Sophia Gravenstein '22 on a Portrait of Martin Luther by the Workshop of Lucas Crananch the Younger at

Courses Taught